Chapter 1:

How did relations among the governing and the
governed change between the Germanic and the feudal periods?

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·      During
Germanic period power stayed within a social ladder of Kings (full control), freemen
(limited), and unfree(no control). As time went on and crime reigned, Kings
united with loyal subjects in hopes to strengthen ties and exert control over anyone
who threated their kingdom


What purpose did repression, especially caused by
the spectacle of public physical suffering, serve in the early modern states?


·      Repression
was used as a tool to establish control, and inflict doubt or fear on anyone
who thought to go against their kingdom during these times. In other words a
way to prevent or limit criminal activity for spreading.

Chapter 2:

How did the American colonists’ views on the
nature of man and crime shape punishment?


·      With
religion being a heavy influence at this time, sin itself was sough out as a
crime (witchcraft, adultery, and idolatry). Through religion they used criminal
justice to decided on what was consider a crime and how punishment should be



Why didn’t the colonists conceive of
incarceration as a form of punishment?

·      Colonist
had little fate in rehabilitation. “They did not believe jail could intimidate
or detain the offender”. (Correction Context: contemporary and classical
readings p.19)


Discuss social changes occurring at the turn of
the nineteenth century that would change Americans’ thoughts on crime and
punishment within a generation or two?


·      As the
economy began to grow and factories became more and more prevalent this started
the beginning of the enlightenment era, which questioned their beliefs and ideas,
“traditional mechanisms used to exert control became obsolete. ”