Abstract— In this study, the fauna
of Psocoptera was investigated in different regions of West part of Iran
(Kermanshah, Hamedan and Kurdistan provinces) during 2012-2014. The specimens
were collected from the dead and dying leaves of trees, grasses and under
stones. Totally 14 species of Psocoptera belonging to 3 families and 4 genera
were collected and identified from Kermanshah and Kordestan. The genus Belaphotroctes
Roesler, 1943) with seven species Liposcelis brunnea
Motschulsky 1852, Ectopsocus vachoni Badonnel 1954, Liposcelis edaphica Lienhard,
1990; Liposcelis priesneri Enderlein, 1925; Liposcelis silvarum Kolbe,
1888; Liposcelis sp. of group A and Liposcelis sp. of group D are
newly recorded for fauna of Iran. More ever all of reported species, Genera and
families by this study are reported for the first time in Kermanshah and
Keywords— Psocids fauna, Lepinotus, Belaphotroctes, Kermanshah.
also known commonly as booklice, barklice or barkflies are one of the
least-known orders of small insects. They have a worldwide distribution and
usually colonized on leaves, foliage and barks of ornamental trees, grasses and
palms. Some of them live in ground litter, under stones, nests of birds and
mammals 1–2 and even in large quantities on stored product commodities
under moist condition.
past, Psocoptera were not considered serious pests and thought they feeding on
algae, fungi, lichen and organic detritus in nature. however several recent
studies clearly indicate that psocids should be considered as pests of economic
importance 3. Some of them such as Liposcelis bostrychophila are
common pests of stored products 4. feed on starch-based items like grain
storesor, some of them found amongst old books and feed upon the paste used in binding 5.
The Psocids fauna of several countries in the
world was already overview in the recent years 2, 6–7 and
about 5700 species of Psocids have been described so far 8. Despite this extensive study, unfortunately, the
psocid fauna of Iran was poorly known, with only 13 species in 7 family were
recorded 9–14. Therefore it is expected that further
research can add more species to the Psocoptera fauna of Iran.
Material and method
study was carried out during 2012-2015 in 13 county of Kermanshah province
along with the Marivan and Malayer county (Kurdistan and Hamedan Provinces
respectively). The specimens were collected from a total of 16 sites ranging in
elevation 1039 m a.s.l. to 2302 m a.s.l. from the dead and dying leaves of
different trees (Oak, Pine, Elm, Walnut, Apricot, Palm), grasses and under
stones TABLE I. The Psocids species were collected directly with entomological
aspirators, hand or extracted by Berlese funnel. In total 90 specimens (89
female and 1 male) were available for study. Most of these were dissected in 75
% ethyl alcohol and identified by Prof. Charles Lienhard Natural, History
Museum, Geneva, Switzerland. Most of the material mentioned below is deposited
in the Psocoptera collection, Natural History Museum, Geneva, Switzerland but a
small reference collection of some of the species mentioned is deposited at the
department of Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
totally 14 species of Psocoptera belonging to 3 families and 4 genera were
collected and identified from Kermanshah and Kurdistan provinces by this
research. The information of collected species is presented in TABLE I.
genus Belaphotroctes Roesler, 1943) with seven species Liposcelis brunnea Motschulsky 1852, Ectopsocus vachoni Badonnel
1954, Liposcelis edaphica Lienhard, 1990; Liposcelis priesneri Enderlein,
1925; Liposcelis silvarum Kolbe, 1888; Liposcelis sp. of group A
and Liposcelis sp. of group D are newly recorded for fauna of Iran. More
ever all of reported species, Genera and families by this study are reported
for the first time in Kermanshah and Kurdistan provinces.
Material examined: 1? collected in
the litter around Walnut trees (Juglans
regia) Sare pol-e- Zahab County, Gerdehno village (N 34°43 E 045°48, elev.
1039) in Kermanshah Province, Iran, May, 2012.
genus is characrterized as: Tarsi 3-segmented. Hind tibia usually with at least
1 apical spur. Macropterous forms with compound eyes and 3 ocelli. Micropterous
forms with small compound eyes. Apterous