Abstract This is because experience can gives confidence to

Abstract

Project
management is defined as the knowledge, skills, tools and techniques for a team
to achieve specific goals and meet the project requirements on the specific
time. There are a lot of challenges of project management to achieve all the
goals. The primary constraint is scope, time quality and budget. While the
second challenges is to make sure that the project is meet the pre-defined
objectives. A web project must be done by a team not individual. Hence, the problems
between the team members would be occur such as communication problem. In order
to avoid the problems, project manager is act an important role to manage the
team and make sure that the project can be done within time, budget and meet
requirements of organization. Other than that, team building also can help in
improving the relationship between the team members. An interview was conducted
to PanoRazzi SDN BHD in order to gain the knowledge of method to manage a
project. This paper is discussed in details about the project management of
this company.

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Literature
reviews

Experience
is an important thing for project managers. This is because experience can
gives confidence to project manager when they are facing some problem and
issues that pertain to project management. According to the journal “Development
paths of project managers: What and how do project managers learn from their
experiences” done by Chantal M.J.H. Savelsbergh, the experience gained by
project manager is classified into two types which are formal and informal
learning experiences. Formal learning takes place within an officially
organized learning program occasions such as undergraduate and postgraduate
education with a particular project management component. While informal
learning may involves study from personal experiences such as mentoring and
learning from complex problem during the internship. In this research,
semi-structured interviews and short survey were conducted among 31 project
managers. Most of experience is studied from informal on-the-job learning.
Though this survey, it shown that the project managers are tend to learn about
different skills from their first learning experiences compare to learn from
later learning experiences. Both hard and soft skills are learned by project
managers from their experiences. Experience is act as an important role for
projects managers in developing a successful project.

To
achieve the success of the project, project manager act an important role to define
the limitations of the projects such as time, budget and resources and they are
required to predict the situations that may occur. According to the conference
that done by Kirsi Liikamaa which title is “Developing a project manager’s
competencies: A collective view of the most important competencies”, competency
is defined as a capability or potential which including a set of trade
behaviours prepared around an underlying assemble. Competency modelling is used
to look for job-related information and employee capabilities in the control of
employees. The competencies are divided into two main groups which are personal
competencies and social competencies. For personal competencies which included
self-awareness, self-regulation, cognitive skills and motivation. While for
social competencies are included empathy and social skills. In this research,
self-evaluation is performed by 750 people. They are project managers in
difference organizations and also university students whose studied completely
in their project. Leadership competency was evaluated as the highest because it
is an important capability for project manager to lead the group members as
well as to motivate and act fair toward them. The lowest competency was
evaluated as production efficiency with statements concentrated on the
distribution of obligations, the effective usage of sources and the
organization of tasks. Analytical thinking was chosen by respondents as the
willingness to improve the most. By having the analytical thinking, respondents
can carry out a lot of solutions to solve the problematic situations. Besides
that, achievement drive is evaluated as the most important desirable
competencies for a project manager. Hence, there is important for the
organization to encourage their project managers in improving their
competencies in order to manage and achieve the successful of project.

References:

1.
Chantal M.J.H. Savelsbergh, Liselore A. Havermans, Peter Storm. (2016).
Development paths of project managers: What and how do project managers learn
from their experiences. International
Journal of Project Management, 34, 559-569.

2.
Kirsi Liikamaa. (2015). Developing a project manager’s competencies: A
collective view   of the most important
competencies. 6th
International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics and the
Affiliated Conferences, 681-687.

 

Project Manager – roles, important
skillset

Project
manager is responsible to manages and lead the project team and make sure that
the project can meet on requirements of the client. A good project manager can
reduce the risk management and give chances to every significant participant to
express their opinions about the project. Besides that, project manager should
be responsible for making decisions whenever it is large or small. They have to
ensure that all of the decisions can directly give the benefit to the project.
Moreover, project manager should organize the tasks and workforce in developing
the project by using the project management software such as Microsoft Project.

Combination of skills is required for a project
manager which including leadership, communication, planning skills, team
management, negotiation skills and risk management. However, the project
manager from PanoRazzi mentioned that motivate a project team and understand
the coding is the most important skills as a project manager. When the
programmer facing the problems or feeling stress to exposed the coding, project
manager should be encourage and motivate them don’t be easy to give up. Project
manager should be set a realistic goal to carry out a project and must conduct
a weekly or monthly review sessions to discuss the progress of detail and make
sure that follow the deadline and stay motivated to do their part. With coding
knowledge, project manager can communicate directly and explain in details
about the progress of project to the clients.