Adolf declared, “the only thing we have to fear

Adolf Hitler made
his first address as Chancellor of Germany on February 1, 1933. Germany’s
morale was at an all time low. The treaty of Versailles demanded that Germany
pay reparations to France and Great Britain as they were blamed for the cause
of the war. In addition, the treaty forced Germany to give up thirteen percent
of its land and multiple restrictions were placed on their army. This led to an
economic depression for Germany. Hitler stated, “The balance of power which had
evolved in the course of history, and which formerly played no small part in
bringing about the understanding of the necessity for an internal solidarity of
the nations, with all its advantages for trade and commerce, has been set on
one side.” Hitler took advantage of Germany’s weak and vulnerable state to rise
to power.

In Hitler’s proclamation
to the German nation he addresses Germanys unemployment and agriculture by
proposing two four year plans for trade and commerce. Hitler states, “Within
four years the German peasant must be rescued from the quagmire into which he
has fallen. Within four years unemployment must be finally overcome. At the
same time the conditions necessary for a revival in trade and commerce are provided.” Hitler did deliver on his promise to overcome
unemployment. The number of unemployment went from six million at the beginning
of 1933, to one million by 1936. Addressing Agriculture, Hitler’s goal was to
preserve the customs and culture of the local farmers.   

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Hitler started a
national credit program included flood control, new roads, bridges, canals and
port facilities as well as construction of new roadways. These plans were
funded by an exchange called the Labor Treasury Certificates. This was a
receipt for materials and labor delivered to the government. Workers would spend
the certificates on goods and services, which helped to create more jobs and
lower unemployment rates and reduce debt. For foreign policy, Hitler stated, “the
National Government considers its highest mission to be the securing of the
right to live and the restoration of freedom to our nation.” He stressed the
importance of equal rights for Germany. This began with withdrawing Germany
from the Treaty of Versailles.

Much like Germany,
the US was also dealing with an economic depression. Banks were failing,
families’ life savings had been depleted and millions were unemployed. Similar
to the Germans, the American people were desperate for change. FDR declared, “the
only thing we have to fear is fear itself.” This statement was used by FDR to
give the American people hope and a promising positive outlook.

FDR addressed
unemployment by stating, “It can be accomplished in part by direct recruiting
by the Government itself, treating the task as we would treat the emergency of
a war, but at the same time, through this employment, accomplishing greatly
needed projects to stimulate and reorganize the use of our natural resources.” When
FDR entered office, 25% of Americans were unemployed. FDR signed into law the
New Deal which created 42 government ages which helped to expand the job
market. FDR proposed a plan to help the economy by stating, “there must be a
strict supervision of all banking and credits and investments; there must be an
end to speculation with other people’s money, and there must be provision for
an adequate but sound currency.” Congress passed
the Emergency Banking Act, which closed the banks for ten days in order for the
government to reorganize the banking system. FDR then ordered all citizens to
turn in their gold coins to the bank in exchange for dollars.  The dollar dropped by 60% allowing the
government to print money which was used to boost economic growth.

FDR addressed
agriculture by saying, “The task can be helped by definite efforts to raise the
values of agricultural products and with this the power to purchase the output
of our cities.” His plan was to boost
agricultural prices by reducing overproduction. FDR’s foreign policy included
the Good Neighbor Policy, a policy which promised to improve US relations with
Latin America. This policy would help with trade and create a military alliance with
the United States and Latin America.

Both Franklin
Roosevelt and Adolph Hitler speeches came at a time when both countries were
dealing with an economic depression. The people’s morale was low and both the
US and Germany were desperate for a change and a brighter future. Both leaders promised
new beginnings and a prosperous economy. FDR preached his determination to be
free from fear and Hitler ruled by fear, ultimately killing an estimated 6
million Jewish people.