Annex Government of Ontario’s long-term Northern Development Plan underscores

Annex D – Past Studies

The following provides
some details of previous studies reviewed in the context of this mandate:

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Northern Ontario Aerospace Study (2009)

The objective of this study was to determine the state of the
aerospace/aviation sector in Northern Ontario. The study served as a resource
for FedNor, communities and businesses developing sectorial strategies for
trade and investment attraction. There are 205 individual aviation/aerospace
businesses in Northern Ontario (excluding airports and passenger service
firms). Activities conducted at the different sites include manufacturing and
sales of smaller utility aircraft and helicopters, assembly of CL415 water
bombers, scheduled air transport to remote northern communities, air charters
in support of fly-in hunting and fishing camps, air ambulance, aerial
firefighting and college diploma programs in aerospace and aviation.

The main opportunity for Northern Ontario firms highlighted in the report lies in the
development of niche technologies. Government of Ontario’s long-term Northern Development
Plan underscores the importance of developing and strengthening the
inter-regional transportation network. In the study, several aviation
businesses rated availability of skilled workforce and quality of life as key
strengths to attracting businesses to the north.

State of the Aerospace Sector in Northern Ontario (2009)

The following lists some of the largest aerospace and aviation
activities taking place in northern Ontario:

· Air charter is the aviation service most provided in all northern
Ontario, except Muskoka where the focus is on aircraft maintenance and
Manitoulin, where there are no known aerospace / aviation businesses. This is
reasonable as fly-in hunting and fishing are in the top three in half of the

· In all Northern Ontario, around half of air charter services and
aircraft maintenance activity is provided in the districts of Kenora and
Thunder Bay.

· Nipissing has the most training facilities (post-secondary and
flight training).

· Muskoka is the only district listing aerospace products and parts
manufacturing among its top three (3) employers.

· Cochrane is the only district having scheduled air transportation
and air ambulance services in its top 3.

The study proposes the following recommendations:

· Maintain the superior technical aviation and education programs.

· Ensure participation in northern development strategies,
particularly as they relate to transportation infrastructure.

· Reach out to the businesses identified in the study to inform them
of the incentive programs available to them to support their research and
development and business expansion, including agencies that can assist them
with the preparation of proposals or applications.

· Investigate the potential benefits of coordinating industry
associations to capture all elements of this sector in Northern Ontario,
similar to organizations found in other parts of the country (e.g. Aviation

· Encourage the local economic development agencies to confirm the
sector strengths, and to use the investment attraction template to assess
specific opportunities.

Northern Ontario Multimodal Strategy (2016)

The Ministry of Transportation Ontario and the Ministry of Northern
Development and Mines are developing a Northern Ontario Multimodal Strategy.
The aim is to support the implementation of transportation directions in the
Growth Plan for Northern Ontario. The study will adopt an integrated multimodal
approach that considers highway, marine, air, rail, and other modes of transportation,
and the strategy will include recommended improvements for the movement of people
and goods over the next 25 years.

The Strategy is currently under development. The Strategy is being
developed through technical analysis of the transportation system, extensive
outreach with indigenous peoples and communities, and consultation with
municipalities, stakeholders and the public. A draft strategy was presented in
July 2017.

One of the key areas of focus of the Strategy is to find sustainable
and adaptable solutions amid of the climate changes that will impact Northern
Ontario transportation network. The main objectives that will help guide the
Strategy are as follows:

· Enhancing Mobility and Connections for Northern Communities;

· Improving Access for Remote Communities;

· Adaptability to technological advancements;

· More Efficiently Moving People and Goods between Northern and
Southern Ontario;

· Enhancing Interprovincial Links and Border Crossings;

· Identifying and Integrating New Infrastructure to Support Major
New Economic Development;

· Enhancing Connectivity and Access for Northern Industries

Overall, the study focuses mostly on improving existing
infrastructure, especially the highway systems to the North. However, it does
emphasize the importance of regional and municipal airports. In terms of new
technology, the study mentions that airport infrastructure will come to change,
but conventional airplanes and airports will continue to serve a central role
in the Northern Ontario Transportation network.