Culture grows and
develops in community. It has evolved in society since ancient time. The
culture is still used or did by the local society. It influences all the aspect
of living. Every country has their own culture and it is differ from one
country to another countries. Culture is like an identity; making it differs
from others. It also describes condition and history of country. Moreover, Indonesia
is a maritime country which surrounded by thousands of islands that has unique
culture. Geographical conditions make Indonesia has widespread of population. The population in each region has their own
characteristics of culture. This make Indonesia has thousands of local culture.
Each region has their local culture. They have their own tradition, language, traditional
foods and clothes, and many more. Those make Indonesia culture is diverse.
An article about culture
and youth development stated “Culture has the power to transform entire
societies, strengthen local communities and forge a sense of identity and
belonging for people of all ages. As a vector for youth development and civic
engagement, culture plays an essential role in promoting sustainable social and
economic development for future generations. Youth can act as a bridge between
cultures and serve as key agents in promoting peace and intercultural
understanding”. (Culture and Youth Development. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/documents/youth/fact-sheets/youth-cultureasavector.pdf)
According to an article
from a forum on preserving culture and heritage, there are two kinds of
cultural heritage; tangible culture and intangible culture. “Cultural heritage
includes tangible culture (such as buildings, monuments, landscapes, books,
works of art, and artefacts). It also includes intangible culture traditions or
living expressions inherited from our ancestors and passed on to our
descendants, such as oral traditions, performing arts, social practices,
rituals, festive events, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the
universe or the knowledge and skills to produce traditional crafts intangible
culture (such as folklore, traditions, language, and knowledge), and natural
heritage (including culturally significant landscapes, and biodiversity).
(Preserving Culture and Heritage through Generation. (2014, May 14). Retrieved
Cultural diversity in
Indonesia becomes a special attraction for the other countries. Many of them admire
the uniqueness of culture in Indonesia. They even try to learn it. For example,
you can see on YouTube or maybe you
have found it on news in television that many foreigners come to Indonesia to
visit studio in order to learn about traditional dancing. They are interested
and serious in learning it. They even stay for a long time in Indonesia in
order to learn Indonesian culture
On the other hand, the
pride of Indonesia for the cultural diversity has become as well as a challenge
for all people of Indonesia to preserve the local culture. The big effect of
foreign culture’s influences makes the youths have to work harder to classify
every culture that come to their nation. Youngster should not be careless or
even follow the culture which is contrary their local culture. Nowadays, many
Indonesian people have left their cultural values. They forget their identity
of the nation.
We can find in everyday
life where the young generation as the future hope is becoming more and more
faded. This condition will have a wide impact in the future life sooner or
later for both the old generation and young generation. The lack of awareness
in understanding the culture itself will have a major impact; losing the
national identity. This phenomenon will be a latent danger for all people of
Indonesia. It will lead to identity crisis.
Crisis of identity has
caused some youngster easily adopt and imitate whatever comes to them. Foreign
culture that dominates globalization is considered as superior, so everything
that coming from western is considered as a good thing and easily adopted
without think about what is the effect on us. They do not do critical thinking.
This “tailing” culture has caused some youngster is having westernized,
Japanese, Korean life style or even having Marx and communist ideology.
An article about Papua
New Guinea stated “We have heard comments that our cultures and traditions are
old-fashioned; they hold back progress in nation building and that we should
completely forget about them and adopt new ways of life. Some say they are
‘dirty’ and ‘primitive’. They are perceived as negative by the new generation. Many
of us do not agree with all these comments because some of us are living
examples of what our cultures and traditions did for us when we were young.
They helped us develop and mold our attitudes and characters to be productive,
useful, purposely and progressive lives.” (The importance of traditional
culture and indigenous practices. (2007, April 23) Retrieved from https://tmwpng.wordpress.com/2007/04/23/culture-2/)
Moreover, the crisis of
identity also can decrease or even erasing the nationality of youngster. The
foreign culture bid new values and omit the existing values. So that the
youngster who accustomed to foreign cultures will oppose the value of local
culture. They think local culture is backward left behind and needs to be
changed. This is how the sense of nationalism is slowly becoming lost.
For example, many
youngsters are eager to learn breakdance but do not want to learn traditional
dance. They are more familiar with western songs than their own local songs.
Also, many Indonesian people are fluent in foreign languages but do not know
even cannot speak their local languages. Globalization has influenced young