During the war, documentary was used by the nazis as a form of propaganda. Many videos were made which were biased to Jews and which showed the strength of the third Reich. ‘The Eternal Jew’ was a piece of nazi propaganda made by Fritz Hippler. Hippler used previously shot clips of when the nazis invaded Poland, it reinforces anti-semitic stereotypes set upon Jews at the time. It is narrated and written very carefully to degrade Jews and to compare them to vermin. “Just like rats representing the ‘elements of sneakiness, subterranean destruction among animals, ‘just as the Jews among humankind'” (Hippler 1940). Another example of one of these films would be ‘Triumph of Will’ (Riefenstahl 1935). Riefenstahl was asked by Hitler to make this documentary, she created a distinction between a leader and his followers, which was unseen in documentaries around this time. She created powerful imagery including rallies, banners, smiling children and swastikas. The film was either seen as an inspirational masterpiece or a blood-chilling piece of documentary film, nonetheless, with the help of this film Hitler gained a massive following. Although it can be said that the societal impact of many documentaries is to educate, and many do with great success, unfortunately, films such as these manipulate and blind the public. In such films Hitler becomes a hero figure and a political figure which the nation can look up to and follow. Jews are seen as parasitic and old stereotypes are made real. This false information impacted society at the time and was spread through documentary film, greatly changed the support that the nazi party gained during the war. Documentaries were shot on 35mm cameras until the revolutionary invention of the 16mm handheld camera came about in the 1960’s. Before this, all documentaries were silent films as the filmmakers were restricted to the 35mm camera which consisted of a lot of gear and noisy winding mechanisms. The introduction of sound to documentary films took off in the 60’s. After the invention of the 16mm camera, young filmmakers sought to redefine documentary filmmaking. This technological innovation allowed documentaries to become more realistic and natural. They used the handheld devices to introduce authenticity and spontaneity to their films. To do this, filmmakers used real people and shot on location. An example would be ‘Cinema Verite: Defining the Moment.’ The lightweight cameras allowed filmmakers to capture spontaneous events. They strove to bring both the audience and filmmaker closer to the action.