First results in order to solve there social, economical,

     First of all, this paper starts with samples taken from developing
countries, in which smart city approaches are the effective ways to get the
best results in order to solve there social, economical, quality life, and
developing a sustainable environment and
so on.

    
Egypt is concerned as one of the developing countries in the Middle
East. It has many proposals for employing the principles of smart cities. As a
result for the rapid increase in the population rate (population amount was 85
million in 2013 and is expected to increase to 125 million by 2050 according to
United Nation, 2012), beside their social, economic,
and political disorders (Garcia, Pardo, and Nam, 2015).

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The smart city concept in Egypt cannot be quietly and fully realized or
designate. Most of them are organized in the form of industry or particular
services that concentrated cities in specialized zones and cities (Garcia,
Pardo, and Nam, 2015) such as “10th of Ramadan City” which is an
industrial area; and new smart cities like 6th of October city;
Smart village in Cairo which is a technology based city. These mentioned cities
had successful and failure phases, for instance; the smart village can theorize
as a successful paradigm for satisfying the standards of the smart city from the technology perspective
sides, such as supplying primary standards for services like elevated standards
building and landscapes, network security and so on. But the smart village
failed in the aspects of its ability to sustain the city system by its own. It
was not contained a housing, not well
linked with transportation areas. These reasons cause dropping out and withdraw
the investors, then the city became negligible (Garcia, Pardo and Nam, 2015).

     Furthermore,
the Egyptians government attempt to activate a better quality of lives for the
citizens, and construct new urban zones around their capital city, Cairo, in
order to decrease inhabitance from the capital to promote exploitation in
industry and business, such as “6th of October city”, ” Al Obar
City”, ” Al Shrouk City” and etc. (Garcia, Pardo and Nam, 2015). The major
issues of these mentioned cities were not adequately achieved their population
needs and made the cities to refuge daily to Cairo city to obtain their needs
and causing traffic problems.

     The consequence, the failure in smart city
process in Egypt does not cause a shortage
and lack in the planning, but it causes a reduction
in assortment between the strategies, plans, combining sustainable development
seeing’s, and additional coordination between different aspects of the planning
strategies in implementation.

    
Addition to the previous statements, the models of smart cities has
appeared in better forms and implantation in the Gulf countries and precisely
after the economic development that vision clearly at the end. In the last
century, one accurate model for the smart
city Masdar city which is established in 2006 in Abu Dhabi government and it is
found by Mubadala development company
(Sauseverinoetal, 2007). Masdar city is defined as “zero emission” city. It is
located in less than 20 kilometres from
Abu Dhabi in the United Arabic Emirates.
Masdar city is planned to contain 50,000 population with 1,500 different
businesses and 40,000 dwellers (Lau, 2012). The city depends on many concepts
and smart principles to indicate it as an intelligent city, these concepts are
explained briefly according to (Sanseverino
et al, 2017):-

·        
Smart energy: the
cities energy supplies resources are photovoltaic and wind power plants, and
also getting it from the city’s waste treatments, moreover reusing and
recycling way (Reiche, 2010).

·        
Smart
transportation and mobility: the concepts of transportation are completely
creative, “a clear separation between public and private transport, but a dense
and widespread network of micro-metropolitan to semi-individual use ( 1,500
stations around), called Rapid Transit System” (Sanseverino
et al, 2017, p.47).