How BC. The greatest legacy that the Ptolemaic dynasty

How is it that Cleopatra VII is so well known in the actions that she took to stabilize ling the Ptolemaic empire when it had been given to her in such a crumbling state, but no one knows what her face actually looked like? There are only a few semi reliable sources that depict Cleopatra’s true face. One being an uncomplimentary silhouette on coins, and another being a non detailed depiction on the side of a wall at a temple at Dendera(seen on page). Although no one really knows what she looks like everyone knows of her, and everything that she has done for Egyptian history. Cleopatra VII was born 69 BC in Alexandria, Egypt. She was born into a long line of Greek kings and queens who, for 300 years, ruled Egypt. The dynasty started in 305 BC when Alexander the Great’s generals divided his kingdom and Ptolemy (one of his generals) was given Egypt. He then named himself Ptolemy I and the Egyptians accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs. This dynasty would rule Egypt until the Roman conquest in 30 BC. The greatest legacy that the Ptolemaic dynasty had was the city of Alexandria because of its vast roads, rows of limestone columns, palaces, and temples. Alexandria was teeming with different cultures such as Egyptians, Greeks, Jews, Romans, Nubians, and etc.; because of the great library of Alexandria. All of these great minds in one city discovering imaginable things. When Cleopatra finally claimed the throne, the Ptolemaic dynasty was near its end and she was at the age of 18 years old. There had been losses of large chunks of land because of her prior rulers and disease and famine has struck the lands. On top of that there was a civil war in her mists. Despite seeing the state that her inherited empire was in she wanted to bring life back into it. Even though no one really knows what Cleopatra the VII looked like many historians don’t think it was her looks that really started her many relationships, it was her allure.A Greek historian Plutarch described her as, “the sort that would astound those who saw her; interaction with her was captivating, and her appearance, along with her persuasiveness in discussion and her character that accompanied every interchange, was stimulating. Pleasure also came with the tone of her voice, and her tongue was like a many-stringed instrument.” It was this that she used to pull powerful men into passionate relationships. Examples being Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. She would also use this to help her crumbling empire. When she had a child with Julius Caesar, Caesarion, she set a seal to the alliance of Egypt and Rome. She also wanted to be seen sort of as having divine right so she tried to associate herself with the goddess Isis so she herself would be seen as a goddess. Out of all the information that historians know about her a very large piece is missing from Cleopatra’s elaborate puzzle: where she was buried. Because of earthquakes, tidal waves, rising seas, subsiding ground, and the unsentimental recycling of building stones have ultimately demolished the area where Cleopatra and her ancestors lived. Most of the acclaimed Alexandria presently lies 20 feet underwater. Kathleen Martinez taught archaeology at the University of Santo Domingo and at the age of 19 she earned her law degree. She became fascinated with Cleopatra VII when she was 24 years old. Since then she has dedicated a large chunk of her life to finding out where Cleopatra was buried. Her theory is that Cleopatra was buried in a “tumbled down temple near the coastal desert town of Taposiris Magna, 28 miles west of Alexandria.” Taposiris Magna is located between Lake Mareotis and the Mediterranean Sea, during Cleopatra’s day it had been a successful port town. Strabo the geographer, who was in Egypt in 25 B.C., said that Taposiris had a great public festival to honor the god Osiris. Near the port town there was a rocky seaside beach. Martinez thinks that they should look there for the buried tomb of Cleopatra because she thinks that Cleopatra made sure that her and Antony were secretly buried so no one would disturb their everlasting peace. Martinez also said that she thinks Cleopatra, “prepared everything from the way she lived to the way she died to the way she wanted to be found.” This theory set Martinez on a journey that would lead to her giving up her law practice in Santo Domingo and spending most of her savings on the project. The result would be the discovery of three small foundation deposits which linked the Osiris temple to when Ptolemy IV was in rule. They would also discover a shaft including several underground chambers and tunnels, the skeleton of a pregnant women who died in childbirth, than 1,000 objects were located , 200 being significant as in pottery, coins, gold jewelry(seen on page), and the broken heads of statues. A large discovery was made of a large cemetary outside of the temple walls. Although the tomb of Cleopatra still has yet to be found it leaves her to be a figure to each generations to come and who knows perhaps she will be discovered in the near future.