I.BACKGROUND socio economic development, the perception of the people

I.BACKGROUND
OF THE STUDY

Nowadays, we are suffering environmental
such as global warming, flash floods and etc. One of the causes of these
problems is the misbehavior of the people towards waste management. Some people
are reckless in throwing their garbage. They do not think of the possible
results of their actions on the environment as well as on health.

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The song entitled “Kapaligiran” by Apo
King, simply implies that we need to do something to help our sick environment due
to improper waste disposal, illegal logging, coastal littering and etc. Thus,
proper waste management is one key to make it possible.

 

What is Waste
Management?
            Waste Management is the collection,
transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials.
The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the
process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the
environment or aesthetics. It is a distinct practice from resources recovery
which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. All
waste materials, whether they are solid, liquid, gas or radioactive fall within
the remit of waste management.

Waste management practices can diverge
for developed and developing country, for urban and rural areas, and for
residential and industrial producers. Management of non-hazardous waste
residential and institutional waste in metropolitan areas is usually is the
responsibility of local government authorities, while management for
non-hazardous commercial and industrial waste is the responsibility of the
generator subject to local, national and international controls. 

Every individual should take the
responsibility of managing their wastes properly. Public awareness campaigns
are essential tools for environment protection. Thus, there is really a need to
encourage the people to be part of this objective, protecting our environment
through proper waste management. In regard of this, our study entitled “Waste
Management Practices of Senior High School Students in Samal District” aims to
know how the Senior Students in Samal District manage their wastes as well as
to identify the materials they are using in managing their waste. Furthermore,
this study is not just a study but it also helps the community through
conducting clean-up Drive in the said district.

 

 

 

II. Conceptual Framework

Management
of Solid waste is one of the greater challenges for development all over the
world. It is not only because Solid Waste Management impact on the environment
or health, but poor implementation of Solid Waste Management hinders the
nation’s progress towards Sustainable Development. Accordingly, there is a need
for more comprehensive strategies for Solid Waste Managementwithin development
processes. It is important to improve Solid Waste Management for Sustainable
Development through environmental conservation. The conceptual issues of this
study will include the practices to mitigate its impact on environmental and
socio economic development, the perception of the people about SWM, and assess
the impact of solid waste management on the environment and sustainable
development. Furthermore, the study focuses on SWM not only as a government
responsibility. It should also be done by every individual, since the waste is
produced from households. These issues therefore serve as part of the
conceptual framework for the study of Waste Management Practices of Senior High
School Students in Samal District for Sustainable Development in Island Garden
City of Samal, Davao Del Norte.

Figure 8.shows the conceptual application in the study. The
figure explains the link between SWM, environmental conservation and
Sustainable Development. Further it shows development with growing economy and
population generates the Solid Waste which causes environmental pollution and
degradation. Waste separation, recycling and composting can be used as a method
for SWM with legal structure, awareness rising, attitude change, synergized
between authority and the community to mitigate these impact on the
environment. As such, integrated sustainable solid waste management provides
the ground for the environmental conservation. In this way, the development
process could improve socio economic development; while the waste management
will keep the environmental development lasting with sustainable development in
the end.

 

 

 

 

 

III. Research Hypothesis

            A research hypothesis is a statement of
expectation of prediction that will be tested by research.

            Ha-
This study can help us to know the advantages and disadvantages about solid
waste management.

            Ho-
This study will not be effective to others.

            Ha-
This study can help a lot of students to be more educated towards solid waste
management.

            Ho-
This study will not be helpful to others.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV. Statement of the
Problem

            Ethically,
the beauty of our environment lies on its good sanitary condition. This is so
because, when an environment is clean the lives of citizens are not threatened
by illnesses and diseases. Proper refuse disposal management involves the
dumping of waves (solid, liquid or gaseous) from our homes, industries and
public outfits for example hotels, hospitals and schools and etc. At a specific
place or in government provided containers and the control and removal of
refuse from places where they can cause hazards to a place where they are less
hazardous to public health. Many areas around the homes are littered with
domestic refuse sewage waste, garbage and other waste from industrial
operations. Industrial operations are characterized by the generation of large
volume of wastes in the form of solids, liquids and gases. Some of these wastes
are toxic with negative impacts on our environment, land, water and air.

            To
ensure a clean and safe environment, government established to monitor the
environment quality and to ensure a refuse-free environment. However, despite
the government effort at making the environment clean in Island Garden City of
Samal, people seem to be careless about their environment. Despite the
provision of refuse receptacles by the government and many people still prefer
dumping refuse at places they considered convenient to them. People seem not to
be aware of the interrelatedness of dirty environment and diseases. Victims of
environment related disease like malaria fever, typhoid fever, and others seem
to be on the increase.

This shows that there is a great need of collecting the
garbage properly and recycling for the betterment of mankind and the other
living beings.

Problem Statement: Since
the garbage collection system is not well managed in Island Garden City of Samal,
people dispose the garbage wherever possible mostly in the drainages or the
river banks. This has led to huge environmental pollution deteriorating the
health of mankind and the other living beings. Due to the lack of knowledge of
disposing the wastages, people trash the garbage in a way they want. We can see
garbage all around the city including in the roads, play grounds, parks and
even in other establishments. People throw the garbage without realizing that
it is affecting their own health and will deteriorate the future generation’s
living standard.Proper garbage collection reduces the amount of trash that
eventually ends up in landfills. If such wastages are collected properly and
recycled, it substitutes as a raw material.

 

V. Definition of terms

            For
clearer understanding of this study, the following terms were defined
conceptually and operationally.

Waste – is any solid, liquid and gaseous wastes emitted
by the people. It could either be biodegradable or non-biodegradable
wastes. 

Waste Management – is the collection, transport,
processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. 

Public Market –  is a place
where people buy their foods.

 

Practices-  the
form, manner and order of conducting legal suit and prosecution.

Samal District –  is one of the district in Island Garden City
of Samal (IGACOS). They had 3 District in IGaCoS, first is the Babak District,
second is Samal District and last is the Kaputian District.

 

Senior High School- a
school usually including grade 11 until grade 12.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VI. Importance of the Study

            The
importance of this study is to know how to minimize our waste or garbage in the
community, home, society, or public areas, where they had a big impact in to
our health.

            The study aimed ensuring a clean
environment in the said City. It analyzed the underlying factors affecting
effective solid waste management in the city and suggested possible measures to
tackle the problem. The research gathered data from Senior High School in Samal
District, such as Tagbitan-ag Senior High School, Del Monte Senior High School,
San Jose Senior High School and IGB Function Training Center Senior High
School.

            The
researcher of this study gathered the information using the two main techniques
in gathering the data were: preliminary field investigation and questionnaire survey.
The following key findings were established to be the factors affecting
effective solid waste management in the Samal District Senior High School.
These are the following:

     
Inadequate skip supply
for storing waste.

     
Lack of routine
collection of Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable.

     
Poor method of waste
management.

     
They didn’t apply the
segregation proper on waste.

     
Inadequate resources
for waste management institution to effectively collect waste generated.

     
They are not
Responsible in their garbage.

 

In
the light of these problems enumerated above, the research recommended the
adequate supply of skips, regular collection of waste, use of Integrated Solid
Waste Management (ISWM) Model, proper management of the landfill and adequate
sourcing of the waste management institutions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VII. Scope and limitation of the study

This study is delimited in knowing how
the Senior Students in Samal District manages their wastes. Thus, it is
also delimited in identifying the materials they are using in managing their
wastes. This study looks into the solid waste management
situation in Island Garden City of Samal, Philippines as a system. It
looks specifically, into the wastes generated, its generators and the
policies, the authorities and bodies involved in its
management. Solid waste, here, refers to municipal solid waste that
is under government responsibility. These
are wastes coming from the followingsources: 

     
Households

     
commercial establishments

     
some institutions

     
markets 

     
schools

     
municipalservices