In against the disadvantages, as robots and machines come

In this day and age, with the rapid growth of technological
advances, the robotics revolution is upon us, with already having self-checkouts
taking stores by storm and having fewer staff at checkouts. To the development
of driverless cars, to robots preforming surgery, are we as New Zealanders
prepared for this new technological era approaching us. The following essay I
will be discussing the advantages and disadvantages of the robotics revolution
of human employment in New Zealand, as well as which jobs and regions that will
be affected the most by this outcome.   

Firstly, there are many reasons as to why automation in the
work force would be beneficial. While automation may dismiss many jobs that are
around today it might create new jobs for the future. As humans we are
extremely flexible to change, creating new opportunities that did not even
exist before, allowing us to adapt and create jobs exclusively for human
capabilities. Another benefit of automation is that robots will do the jobs
that humans do not want to do, that are dirty, boring and dangerous.  Robots specifically designed to go
underground in storm water systems to find and repair the damage, that may be
too dangerous for humans to do. To hunt down and capture terrorist, allowing to
keep the public safe and law enforcement out of harms way. Also freeing up time
to spend doing more productive things that may be pushed aside due to work
commitments, with having more free time and make our attitude towards work more
positive. There are many reason as to why automation in the work force would be
detrimental. Automation has affected the blue collared workforce the most, but
with new technology advances this could start to affect the white-collar
workforce. While a few exceptionally skilled workers will succeed in the new
workforce, many may have to take lower paying jobs or worse lose their job all
together. Robots will be entering the workforce sooner or later but are we
prepared for it when it does happen. With machines and robots taking over the
workforce at an accelerated pace resulting in job losses across many fields. Many
employers are looking at new ways to save their company or business money and
by decreasing employees and adding machines or robots to take over the positions
previously done by employees. As robots or machines do not need to take sick
days, are always on time to work, do not need to take lunch breaks and do not
need to leave work early to pick up the children from school. Business’ need to
outweigh the advantages against the disadvantages, as robots and machines come
with a hefty price tag to begin with, taking longer periods to pay themselves
off, as well as the daily upkeeping and regular service to keep them up to code.
Another factor to consider is will it have a positive or negative image on the
brand, not having a friendly customer service face compared to that of a robot
who can only respond to certain issues.

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Employment at high risk to be replaced by automation
according to Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand, with information
from NZIER, Statistics New Zealand and, Frey and Osborne are “Labourers 142,887
job losses, 75% of the industry, Machinery Operators and Drivers 68,412 job
losses, 72% of the industry. Clerical and Administrative 162,495 job losses 73%
of the industry. Sales workers 121,208, 65% of the job industry. Technicians
and trade 136,122, 62% of the job industry. Community and personal service
78,602, 35% of the job industry. Managers 61,151, 21% of the job industry.
Professionals 68,486, 12% of the job industry”. According to the Chartered Accountants
Australia and New Zealand, with information from NZIER and Statistics New
Zealand, the regional impact of high risk of automation in New Zealand are the
West Coast at 7,824 job losses at 46% of the population in the West Coast. Southland
at 23,141 job losses, 45.5% of the population in Southland. Gisborne at 8,603
job losses, 44.5% of the population in Gisborne. Malborough at 10,478 job
losses, 44% of the population in Malborough. Hawkes Bay at 32,245 job losses,
43.5% of the population in Hawkes Bay. Tasman at 11,082 job losses, 42.5% of
the population in Tasman. Taranki at 23,881 job losses, 42% of the population
in Taranki. Manawatu and Wanganui at 46,007 job losses, 41.5% of the population
in Manawatu and Wanganui. Canterbury at 128,451 job losses, 41% of the
population in Canterbury. Bay of Plenty at 53,279 job losses, 40% of the
population in Bay of Plenty. Nelson at 10,420 job losses, 39% of the population
in Nelson. Northland at 27,592 job losses, 38.5% of the population in
Northland. Waikato at 84,464 job losses, 38% of the population in Waikato.
Otago at 45,714 job losses, 37.5% of the population in Otago. Auckland at
276,774 job losses, 32.5% of the population in Auckland. Wellington at 95,493
job losses, 27.5% of the population in Wellington. The total job losses in New
Zealand will be 885,448. Meaning 36% of the population in New Zealand will be
unemployed. With this increase in unemployment, it will have a strain on the
New Zealand Government with the lack of preparation to accommodate the
escalation of unemployment. Also with this inflation of unemployment could also
lead to a surge in homelessness across the country with much of the population
unable to pay for accommodation let alone groceries. As New Zealanders we need
to start preparing for this new technological era, with an increase in
education systems teaching skills that will make us stand out against robots
and machines, as well as putting systems in place that still allow humans to be
working across all departments.

 

In conclusion the robotic revolution is on its way, whether
we like it or not. All things considered, we as New Zealanders can make this transition
as smooth as possible without imposing excessive pressure on the country by
implicating systems in place. Weighing up the advantages against the
disadvantages and the impact that it will have on New Zealand.