In and institutional reforms including, calls for legislative and

In view of the national development policy and
programme situation in Zimbabwe CSOs have taken, and continue to take, various
roles and use various strategies in order to influence national development
programmes in the country. Some of the roles and strategies are as delineated
below:-

 

(a)   
Promotion of Good Governance

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Civil
society organizations play a crucial role in the promotion of good governance. World Bank (2004), believes good governance is
epitomized by predictable, open and enlightened policy making; an executive arm
of government accountable for its actions; and a strong civil society
participating in public affairs all behaving under the rule of law. Mitlin, etal
(2007) and  Adesina
(2007) posits that the involvement of CSOs occupies a critical place in the
governance process and promotes good governance by facilitating people’s
collective action for attaining sustainable socio-economic outcomes for the
common good of the society.

 

A clear example when civil society in
Zimbabwe fought to promote good governance was in 2011 following the
resolutions of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Troika which called for the crafting of a Road Map to free and fair elections
in Zimbabwe. Approximately 45
CSOs united to petition and urge SADC and the African
Union (AU) to broaden their consultative process to ensure that views of a broader
spectrum of Zimbabwean citizens, including those in civil society, are heard
and taken into account (Magaisa, 2009). The petition had about 10 broad recommendations
which were about constitutional and institutional reforms including, calls for legislative
and media reform agenda, particularly on Public Order and Security Act (POSA)
and Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA); deployment of
local, regional and international election monitors and observers; as well as
inclusion of civil society in political conflict resolution (Magaisa, 2009).
The result of the petition was such that it created a spotlight on the
Zimbabwean government and its political and electoral system, thus giving
impetus for the government to exercise democratic elections.