Informed properly. Misunderstandings between the researchers and the participants

Informed consent is a
fundamental ethical requirements for research with human subjects where subject
voluntarily agrees to participate in a research study in which he or she has
full understanding of the study before the study begins (Nieswiadomy, 2014). It is the  process where the participant is informed
regarding all aspects of the trial, which are important for the participant to
make a decision and after studying all aspects of the trial, The participant voluntarily need to confirms
his or her willingness to participate in a particular clinical trial and
significance of the research for advancement of medical knowledge and social
welfare (Nijhawan et al., 2013) The process might create or result several
ethical issues if it is not being done properly.

            Misunderstandings
between the researchers and the participants will result due to communication
barriers such as language differences and religious dogma. The individual who
signed the informed consent is assumed to have fully understand the information
that is stated in the consent form but it is difficult to evaluate the level of
understanding in the individual’s point of view. Therefore, there might some
degree of misunderstanding that might occur. Moreover, the participants might get involved in research projects that
they did not approve of due to misunderstandings or misinterpretation
concerning the experimental procedures (Escobedo et al., 2007). The
participant’s perception regarding the research might be affect the process of
obtaining the informed consent because they aware of the consequences of the
research on them and this might scare them away.

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            In order to prevent
issues related to informed consent to occur when doing research, the major
element of informed consent need to be included which are researcher is
identified and credentials presented; subject selection process is described;
purpose of study is described; study procedures are discussed; potential risks
are described; potential benefits are described; compensation, if any, is discussed;
alternative procedures are disclosed, if any; anonymity or confidentiality is
assured; right to refuse to participate or to withdraw from study without
penalty is assured; offer to answer all question is made; and means of
obtaining study results is presented.