John occur if attachments are not made. Bowlby (1969)

John Bowlby’s
theory of attachment shows us the importance of forming attachments and the
consequences that can occur if attachments are not made. Bowlby (1969)
suggested that if infants did not form maternal attachments at early stages in
their lives this could cause complications in the child’s social and emotional
development in the future. He believed that “a strong healthy attachment is
based on a long-term, stable relationship”, (2016 pg. 77). If infants do not
have the emotional and physical security from their primary caregivers, in
later life the child could show signs of extreme deprivation. The mother-child
relationship is usually the foundation of building attachments. This
relationship allows us to clearly see how relationships can influence a child’s
development and the importance of attachments. Lynne Murray (1992) carried out
research on the impact that maternal postnatal depression can have on a child’s
early attachments. Murray’s finding showed that even if the mother suffered
from postnatal depression for only a short period of time it still has
long-term consequences for the child’s social, emotional and psychological
development (Lee Farrington-Flint, 2016).

Life events can
have a significant role in influencing a child’s development. Bereavement is an
example of how relationships in the family can be disrupted causing
consequences in the child’s development. Whenever there is a significant change
in a child’s life, the child gets put in a vulnerable position. This could then
lead to social deprivation because it would have an impact on the bond between
parent and child causing complications in the child’s life. Divorce is another
example of how a situation in the family home can have an effect on a
child.  Divorce can have a negative impact
on the whole family. The separation between parents may lead to financial
difficulties which could lead to poverty causing a child to become socially
deprived. Financial pressures within a household can have a substantial impact
on a child’s life. The child may not be able to participate in the same
activities as they used to due to the cost of travel or the expenses of the
activities. This may be a big change to what the child is used to, leaving the
child to feel isolated and detached.

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The ways in
which parents choose to bring up their children will impact their child’s
development. Diana Baumring (1967) stated that there are two aspects of
parenting, responsiveness and demandingness. Baumring suggested that “the
majority of parents display one of three parenting styles” (2016, pg. 106). The
rejecting neglectful parenting style is low in both responsiveness and
demandingness. Children that have been brought up with this style of parenting
tend to have the most detrimental problems that can affect their development.
Their parents often spend more time on their needs than their child’s. These
children have no boundaries and are more likely to drop out of school and
experiment with drugs. This style of parenting can leave children feeling
isolated and alone with no security. Social deprivation can be caused by
children not having the emotional support that they need from their parents.
The Authoritarian parenting style has significant factors that indicate that a
child may be socially deprived. Authoritarian parents usually do not listen to
their child’s needs and usually ignore them, this leads children feeling very
unhappy. These children tend to be behind in their social and academic
development. If a child is not achieving their developmental goals this can
have a big impact on their future. For example, they might not have the grades
needed to get a job and it will be much harder for them to find employment
leading to poverty (Sue McKeogh, 2016).

Feral children
are an example of how deprivation can have an impact on a child’s development.
Feral children have lived isolated from human contact usually from a very young
age. Children that have been detached from society lack the social skills that
they should have learned from a young age. ‘Victor, the wild boy of Aveyron’
(2016, pg. 57) is a great example of how important human care and company is in
order to help regulate children’s development. Victor was believed to have been
abandoned in the woods from the age of 5. He was described as ‘close to the
state of wild animals’, he could hear but had no speech. Victor’s case study
shows us how crucial it is that children form attachments from a young age. If
children are experiencing social deprivation their development may be affected
resulting in consequences in later life. Feral children have missed out on
several fundamental aspects of their development. For example, Victor was in
the woods from the age of 5 and was found when he was 11 to 12 years old. He
missed out on key developmental stages. These stages were not completed which
has now left Victor with no speech and lack of social skills. Children that are
deprived suffer long-term consequences on their development.