Technology in education: ethical issues: The pros and cons of using computer-assisted education in the elementary school classroomNameUniversity Affiliation?Technology in Education: Ethical IssuesThe world has been changing at a very fast rate in the past few decades and the learning process has followed suit as well. In making the best out of the current system, it is clear that the presence of computers has become an important part of learning despite some having varied reactions towards the new protocols. Ethical issues have come up in various forums and understanding the pros and cons of using computers in school provides the right information necessary to build on the assistive measures. Furthermore, it is important to look at the learning opportunities and the outcome of each lesson to compare the effectiveness and success of learning. Deliberating on the future of computers in classrooms is an essential discussion needed to assist in shaping education goals and encouraging efficacy in teaching.Pros of Computers in ClassroomsOne thing that people have come to appreciate is the fact that computers force teachers to understand students even more and tailor their teachings to meet their learning needs. Since computers are automated, teachers must learn the best structures to use when preparing their teaching lessons (Cobb, 2010). Elementary school children have specific education needs that cannot be compared to those in high school or college. Elementary schools are the foundation of all learning taking place and create a specific understanding of the support needed to improve on the adequacy of each plan in question (Cobb, 2010).Computers nurture great talents by providing empowering tools that revolve around relevant information processes and help re-evaluate what is already known against the projected knowledge management process (Ciampa, 2012). The that they can serve as tutors means that both teachers and students can participate in learning and ensure that everyone is on board. For students who miss the classes, they can have a replay of the videos, hence, not fall behind the rest (Cobb, 2010). The process allows for repeat lessons without changing the meaning or wordings of the lesson, an element that creates consistency in learning. In the same manner, computers can help create peer-to-peer learning. Virtual learning groups are easier to create in modern classrooms because they can easily detail the changes and choices people have in regard to the value that comes from connecting students from different parts of the world (Ciampa, 2012). The internet can develop such links, and students will gain from the experiences of others and also become aware of the impact diversity has in the society as a whole (Ciampa, 2012). In case some students feel shy participating in the classroom, such virtual groups can be a good platform to help them excel, and learn new skills that could be beneficial to them outside the classroom (Ertmer & Ottenbriet-Leftwich, 2010). Quick learners can also be mixed with the moderate and slow learners in an attempt to train them to share their skills and knowledge with others.Elementary school students increase their ability to learn new vocabularies using computers. The fact that they are actively involved in using word processing software makes it easier to learn new things and even improve their writing skills (Cobb, 2010). Such proficiencies are improved by the use of spell checkers installed in the software. They can easily write grammatically correct sentences and improve their understanding of punctuation and the need for paragraphs. Visual illustrations are another important reason for using computers across the learning institutions. If the students can all access monitors, it will be easier to project the images and learning becomes more person-centered (Ciampa, 2012). Most children are able to learn well with diagrams and such visual illustrations play a vital role in learning. Furthermore, it generates the kind of attention students need to remain actively involved in learning (Gibson, 2009). The internet can also help in providing more options to assist in building specific learning priorities. Learning is made more exciting and the integration of new materials becomes an essential learning point. Diversity and increased exposure to different opinions provides students with a realistic evaluation of their world. Furthermore, it presents the required resources needed to learn about different materials without losing interest (Cobb, 2010). Accessing new sites can also be an exciting venture and providing the right research tools can help make them more creative in what they do.Cons of Computers in ClassroomsIf not well managed, computers can be a source of increased distractions across the classroom. If students are allowed to carry their personal computers, it could interfere with what they are doing in class because they can easily get distracted (Ciampa, 2012). They can watch funny videos, browse other irrelevant sites, engage in chats across social media platforms, or listen to music (Gibson, 2009). This negates the impact of the machine in the classroom and makes it difficult to ascertain its benefits.Students no longer value the process of writing. The use of computers makes it easier to check synonyms and autocorrect words, whether wrong or right, but cannot assure the child is learning the basics (Ertmer & Ottenbriet-Leftwich, 2010). Classic teaching methods do a better job at this by allowing many students to engage in varied situations that exist when training students how to write neatly using a pen and paper (Gibson, 2009). Pronunciation is also not taught and punctuation may be a hard factor when using a computer without prior knowledge.Students are not taught creative and critical thinking because computers already have the internet and search engines provide the answers required. It becomes a major issue of concern because students cannot perform basic calculations without having to use the calculator (Cobb, 2010). Everything is now linked to the internet and without it students cannot think of anything else to do.Ethical ExaminationThe ethics of using computers in the classroom are based mainly on the utility during and after class hours. Many have fallen victims of cyber-bullying and increased the chances of fairing worse in education. Teachers too can fall victims of the same when they become compromised and their machines attacked by hackers (Ertmer & Ottenbriet-Leftwich, 2010). Information regarding exams, for instance, can be stolen and used illegally within the same school. Privacy becomes an issue of concern especially when it comes to examinations, and that ought to be considered (Gibson, 2009). Cheating is another important discussion issue because people are now exposed to the internet and can use it for their individual needs. With continued evolution of technology, any teacher lagging behind can be a victim of unethical behaviors without even realizing it. Students with malicious intent can even corrupt files just to get a day off school or force learning to take a different direction (Ertmer & Ottenbriet-Leftwich, 2010). Teachers are forced to remain cautious, and that may negate the impact computers are expected to have within the learning institutions. The lack of creativity amongst students is an issue of concern as well. It is unethical for any learning institution to purport to practice training students whereas they are not ready to fit into the world. They will think that everything is computer oriented, an element that will make it difficult to associate with such issues when seeking to provide the attention required (Gibson, 2009). Furthermore, it presents new dilemma in the job market because the lack of computers in a workplace may render many jobless because they have not been taught how to operate without them (Gibson, 2009). Overall, computers are a vital addition to the classroom. Nonetheless, despite having pros outweighing the cons, it is important to pair technology with increased use of classical teaching methods to supplement and complement where the computer may seem deficient. Such a working procedure will help realize many goals. ReferencesCiampa, K. (2012). Reading in the digital age: Using electronic books as a teaching tool for beginning readers. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 38, 1-26.Cobb, A. (2010). To differentiate learning or not to differentiate? Using internet-based technology in the classroom. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 11, 37-45.Ertmer, P. A., & Ottenbriet-Leftwich, A. T. (2010). Teacher technology change: How knowledge, confidence, beliefs, and culture intersect. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 42, 255-284.Gibson, D. (2009). Digital simulations for improving education: Learning through artificial teaching environments. New York: IGI Global.