The complete a certain task. The issue which needs

 

 

 

 

 

 

The effect of information and technology
on the construction industry in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Background

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Construction is the process of assembling and moving equipment in order
to complete a certain task. The issue which needs to investigate the safety
concern at a construction site. Safety is the major problem which needs to be
addressed through information and technology. The key question of this topic is
How Information and technology is going to increase the safety at a
construction site? The potential impact will be the safety of the worker as
well the cost reduction of the organization. By worker as well as an
organization both will get benefit out of this. In order to do this qualitative
and quantitative method will be used.

Aim

For the past decades, there are many changes noted in the construction
industry right from the materials used for construction, various types of
builders, different methods used for designing and for building the new
facilities these all are because of advancements in the technology (Eadie et al., 2013). The overall aim is to identify the advancements in
technology in reducing the risks at a construction site. There are software’s
in 3D format, modular and prefabrication technologies made available which will
be allowing the designing of the project in a digital format from the start
until the end. It means that the entire project can be analyzed and the process
of construction can be planned to be evaluated step by step in the project
which helps in minimizing the risks and timely errors.

Potential impact

This method of technology, designing construction without compromising on
the sophisticated design is known to be highly sustainable and is highly
efficient. Also, the site location activities like reduction in site
disturbance, traffic due to vehicles, and safety and the security from risks
are eliminated around 80 percent. Particularly, this is beneficial for
locations that are busy and areas that are built up with hospitals, shopping
centers, schools, city centers where it can be expected that level of risks is
higher due to more crowd (Pacheco-Torgal, 2014).

Previous work

It is very common and important that companies will be evaluating their
needs in technology before choosing a solution. Previously, companies used
software’s for developing the construction products, but it has got some
limitations earlier. One of the major ones in any construction industry is the
software that is used by them in a single computer as the information can be
accessed from only one location (Roztocki & Weistroffer, 2015). After that
cloud-based software has opened the new horizons significantly and allowed the
access of information via remote without being limited to a particular
geographical location.

For instance, the assignar is the cloud-based solution which offers the
management at workplace and compliance for the contractors those who are working
in the heavy construction industry. The features that are provided with this
solution are timesheets, contemporary management, allocation of work, and
license along with the payroll integration. This tool was designed initially
for the infraworks internally later it was given in the form of mobile
application which allows the managers in capturing the information related to
safety with respect to their field workers (Silverstone, 2017).

Methods

However, within this construction sector, there has already been some
progress in the technology. Also, there is an encouragement to the construction
industry into a creative technological reinvention the following are some of
the methods through which the sector is being shaped currently. These are the
methods which have to be embraced by construction industry with respect to
future (Shen et al., 2014).

Drones: With the help of
cloud-based software drones are currently being favored massively in the entire
construction industry where it is involved in changing the way that the
industry is operating. This change is expected to continue with the lasting
effects since the technology looks for improving the efficiency, eliminating
the human errors, and for improving the health and safety of the workers (Timmer
et al., 2015). The worksite health and safety can also be improved drastically
with the use of drones as it helps in eliminating the hazards and dangers. In
addition to this, the security effectiveness can be increased by protecting the
safety of employees on site and by monitoring for destruction and theft.

Augmented reality: The
information that is to be shared in real time has been allowed to build which
has led to the overall better outcomes. It is because it has got the ability to
overlay the images and the data onto the physical spaces. In order to emphasize
the potential hazards and the issues before they become apparent this is
especially useful in such complicated processes (Shen et al., 2014). With the
help of this if there is any effect on the construction schedule can be analysed
and eventually measures that are appropriate can be taken for avoiding the
issues predicted.

Building Information Modelling: Within the
recent years one of the key changes in the construction industry is found to be
the implementation of the BIM. The traditional blueprints have been replaced by
BIM with intelligence fully detailed, and 3D interactive models. At the core of
BIM, the information management is laid which will bring all the information
that is required together regarding the project in one place (Roztocki &
Weistroffer, 2015).

 

References

Eadie, R., Browne, M., Odeyinka, H., McKeown, C.,
& McNiff, S. (2013). BIM implementation throughout the UK construction
project lifecycle: An analysis. Automation in Construction, 36,
145-151.

 

Pacheco-Torgal, F. (2014). Eco-efficient
construction and building materials research under the EU Framework Programme
Horizon 2020. Construction and building materials, 51, 151-162.

 

Roztocki, N., & Weistroffer, H. R. (2015). Information
and communication technology in transition economies: an assessment of research
trends. Information Technology for Development, 21(3), 330-364.

 

Silverstone, R. (Ed.). (2017). Media, technology
and everyday life in Europe: From information to communication. Routledge.

 

Shen, B., Ghatikar, G., Lei, Z., Li, J., Wikler,
G., & Martin, P. (2014). The role of regulatory reforms, market changes,
and technology development to make demand response a viable resource in meeting
energy challenges. Applied Energy, 130, 814-823.

 

Timmer, M. P., Dietzenbacher, E., Los, B., Stehrer,
R., & Vries, G. J. (2015). An illustrated user guide to the world
input–output database: the case of global automotive production. Review of
International Economics, 23(3), 575-605.