The Jeffersonian worldview was
an American Republicanism, that focused on small farmers. These views changed
quite a bit over the years as the American population grew larger. As the
population grew, the economy shifted toward commerce, manufacturing, and large-scale
agriculture. In this essay, I am going to explain why America went from a world
whose economy was focused of small farmers to a world that shifted to an
economy that was based on commerce, manufacturing, and large-scale agriculture.
When people first migrated to America the population was
small, making the Jeffersonian worldview reasonable to support, but with the
small population, it made it difficult for the colonies to stay afloat because
there were not enough people to do all the work required.1 Over time, the population
in America grew larger, so an economy that focused on small farmers was harder
to obtain. Americans started to focus on commerce. The colonies were developed
near bodies of water, which made commerce easier for America. Americans would
sell the goods they made or produced with Native Americas and other countries.
was a big issue in America. The north was against slavery and the south was for
slavery. This caused a lot of conflict between the north and south. One big
issue with slavery was that it was unconstitutional, because in the declaration
of independence it states, “all men are created equal.”2 Slavery was also an issue
when it came to the expansion of America. When America would gain a new
territory, there was an argument between the North and South over whether the
new territory would be a free or a slave state.3 The country could not come
to an agreement when it came to slavery, so on December 20, 1860, South
Carolina became the first state to secede from the United States, followed by 6
more southern states.4 1861 was when a civil war
broke out between the North and South. President Lincoln’s main priority was to
save the union. In a letter Lincoln wrote to Horace Greenly, an editor for a
newspaper, Lincoln states, “my paramount object in this struggle is to save the
union, and is not either to save or destroy slavery.”5 Two years later Lincoln
signed the Emancipation Proclamation, which stated, “all persons held as slaves
within any State or designated part of a State, shall be forever free.”6 In the Confederate States,
it took a while for slaves to be freed because the Union army was not very
the government has changed quite a bit since the colonies were established. When
the colonies started out they each had their own government, but their government
was still controlled by the King of England. Americans grew tired of this and wanted
to be able to govern their selves, so in 1776, the Declaration of Independence
was written. This was when the American Republic was born. A republic is a
government in which people elect a representative.8
changed so much from when it was established to 1865. I think most of the
changes had to do with how much the population grew. America could no longer support
the population with small farms. The people in America wanted more, so manufacturing
and large-scale agriculture came into play, which provided more money and more
jobs for Americans.
Corbett Text Online. Chapter 2-4. New Worlds in the Americas: Labor, Commerce,
and the Columbian Exchange. Labor Systems
Jefferson, Rought Draft of the Declaration of Independence (1776)
3 Corbett Text Online. Chapter 15-1. The Origins and
Outbreak of the Civil War. The Causes of the Civil War.
Text Online. Chapter 15-1. The Origins and Outbreak of the Civil War. The
Causes of the Civil War.
5 Corbett Text Online. Chapter 15-3. 1863: The Changing
Nature of the War. Lincoln’s Evolving Thoughts on Slavery.
Abraham Lincoln, Emancipation Proclamation. 1863
Text Online. Chapter 15-3. 1863: The Changing Nature of the War. Emancipation.
Corbett Text Online. Chapter 7.1. Common Sense: From Monarchy to an American